Indicator Report Data View Options
Why Is This Important?
Kidney cancer, also called renal cancer, forms when cells in the kidney begin to grow out of control, eventually forming a tumor and potentially spreading to other parts of the body. Kidney cancer is often diagnosed early enough for a relatively effective treatment and good prognosis. Kidney cancer accounts for about 4% of newly diagnosed cancers in the U.S. each year and about 2% of annual cancer deaths. This equates to 79,000 cases and just under 14,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 76.5%. Kidney cancer is primarily a disease of older adults, and it occurs twice as commonly in men than women. Relatively little is known about the causes of kidney cancer, but two risk factors, smoking and obesity, have consistently been found to increase the likelihood of developing kidney cancer.
Kidney and renal pelvis cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with cancer of the kidney and renal pelvis during a specified time period. Measures include: 1) number of newly diagnosed cases of the kidney and renal pelvis cancer; and 2) age-adjusted incidence rate of the kidney and renal pelvis cancer (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.
Data NotesRates have been age-adjusted using the direct method and the 2000 U.S. standard population.
How the Measure is Calculated
Numerator:The number of newly diagnosed cases of the kidney and renal pelvis cancer in New Mexico residents within a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode for kidney and renal pelvis cancer (SEER Recode B 29021, 29022; ICD-O-3 codes: C649, C659); excludes histologies: 9050-9055, 9140, 9590-9989; Malignant cases: ICD behavior code 3.
Denominator:The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
New Mexico Population Estimates
All population estimates apply to July 1 of the selected year. These estimates are considered the most accurate estimates for the state of New Mexico and should match those found on the University of New Mexico Geospatial and Population Studies website. Estimates include decimal fractions. Census tract population estimates were summed to produce County and Small Area population estimates. Population estimate totals may vary due to rounding. Population estimates for previous years are occasionally revised as new information becomes available. When publishing trend data, always be sure that your rates for earlier years match current rates on NM-IBIS that have been calculated with the most up-to-date population estimates.
New Mexico Tumor Registry
In agreement with the New Mexico Tumor Registry, to ensure confidentiality the count of cancer cases is suppressed for any given county if the count is between one and four and the population is less than 1,000. NOTE: The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted health services, leading to delays and reductions in cancer screening, diagnosis, and reporting to some central cancer registries. This may have contributed to an observed decline in 2020 incidence for most cancer sites.