Indicator Report Data View Options
Why Is This Important?
Laryngeal cancer, or throat cancer, is a cancer that forms in tissues of the larynx, which is the lower part of the throat also known as the "voice box." Laryngeal cancer accounts for 0.7% of all newly diagnosed cancers and 0.6% of cancer deaths in the U.S each year, with about 12,470 new cases and 3,820 deaths annually. The five-year survival rate is 61%. Men and older adults experience greater rates of laryngeal cancer, and tobacco use is generally considered to be the biggest risk factor for developing laryngeal cancer.
Larynx cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with larynx cancer during a specified time period. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed larynx cancer cases; and 2) age-adjusted larynx cancer incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.
Data NotesRates have been age-adjusted using the direct method and the 2000 U.S. standard population.
How the Measure is Calculated
Numerator:The number of larynx cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
Denominator:The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
New Mexico Population Estimates
All population estimates apply to July 1 of the selected year. These estimates are considered the most accurate estimates for the state of New Mexico and should match those found on the University of New Mexico Geospatial and Population Studies website. Estimates include decimal fractions. Census tract population estimates were summed to produce County and Small Area population estimates. Population estimate totals may vary due to rounding. Population estimates for previous years are occasionally revised as new information becomes available. When publishing trend data, always be sure that your rates for earlier years match current rates on NM-IBIS that have been calculated with the most up-to-date population estimates.
New Mexico Tumor Registry
In agreement with the New Mexico Tumor Registry, to ensure confidentiality the count of cancer cases is suppressed for any given county if the count is between one and four and the population is less than 1,000. NOTE: The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted health services, leading to delays and reductions in cancer screening, diagnosis, and reporting to some central cancer registries. This may have contributed to an observed decline in 2020 incidence for most cancer sites.